Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder in which you face distressing and recurrent impulses or obsessions that lead to repetitive behavior, i.e., compulsions. In the United States, OCD affects 1 percent or 2.2 million of the adult population, including men, women and children. here are the types of OCDs.
Many people perceive OCD as just the obsession with spotlessness, cleanliness, and hygiene. For example, you must know at least one or two people in your friends’ circle who are always conscious about making everything perfect and keeping everything in its place, neat and clean. Even the thought of a messy bedroom or a titled painting can make them uncomfortable. This is one specific type of OCD, but there are several other categories in which you can classify OCD.
So, let’s begin.
One of the most common types of OCD is Contamination OCD. In this disorder, you may become highly conscious about contracting a virus, sickness, or spreading germs. You fear the filthiness from direct contact and get obsessive thoughts that make you perform certain behaviors to ease those thoughts.
For example, these everyday worries can include going to public washrooms, shaking hands, sexual contact, dead skin, fear of crowds, touching door handles, and eating in public locations. You either avoid the situations altogether or perform compulsions, such as washing hands excessively, throwing things away, avoiding handshakes, disinfecting items, and changing clothes frequently. While you may be conscious about hygiene and cleanliness, the downside of OCD is that your compulsions can cause harm to you or your loved ones, mentally and physically. Therefore, it’s recommended to keep a check on your OCD and try to find an easy treatment option, such as Exposure Response Prevention Therapy (ERP). This helps you repeatedly expose yourself to the fear without neutralizing it to become used to it, and that obsession goes away.
The fear of harming someone is not uncommon anymore, especially after the Covid-19. People have been afraid to become carriers and unwillingly spread the virus to someone close to them. These intrusive thoughts can come in many forms. For example, you may have irrational thoughts like, “what if I stabbed my own child, punched an older adult in public, or dropped my newborn baby down”.
Although these are intrusive thoughts, you’ve got no control over them. You don’t want to do it, but you’ll still feel the anxiety of doing it. Some of the common signs that you have Harm OCD are taking steps to prevent an action where you might harm someone close to you, thoughts about harming someone despite not wanting it to happen, and repetitive anxiousness from these thoughts. To treat this condition, you can opt for mindfulness-based treatments, medication, and exposure therapy.
Do you check your stove, door locks, and wallet more than once before you leave home just to be sure? It’s common. You’re not alone! Anyone suffering from a checking OCD faces this type of common obsession. You may fear not having the door locked, having a message miswritten, losing personal items, or accidentally leaving the oven on.
It can make you repeatedly doubt your memory and do compulsive actions—checking water taps more than once to make sure they are off, repeatedly checking car locks, reconfirming if you’ve your wallet, car keys, and phone with you, and seeking reassurance from others to reassure yourself that everything is safe. If you perform these behaviors multiple times within a limited time, it can seriously impact your life. OCD can consume a lot of time in your day, and it’s imperative to seek help from a mental health provider equipped with CBT, ERP, and mindfulness-based therapy treatment options.
Relationship OCD is distressing, and it can decrease the quality of your life, adding tremendous emotional strain for you and the person you’re in a relationship with. It can be your spouse, girlfriend, family member, friend, or colleague. People dealing with R-OCD experience higher anxiety and insecurity which can emerge as a requirement for frequent reassurance from their romantic partner.
Since close relationships are highly sensitive and emotional, they can become the primary focus of your thoughts. Your intrusive thoughts can be about security, intimacy, or compatibility, and they can make you question if your partner loves you enough or are you attractive enough for them. Some of the signs that you have relationship OCD involve a low sex drive, trouble becoming sexually aroused around your spouse, struggling with self-esteem issues and feelings of embarrassment with friends, or discrimination from colleagues.
Don’t worry. It can all be treated!
These OCDs can become a significant problem for you. If you feel that you’re going through any of the above-mentioned types of OCDs, get in touch with us at Houston OCD Counseling.
We’ve got an entire team of professional therapists and counselors who can help you reduce your symptoms and eventually treat your fears and obsessions. Houston OCD is always happy to help its lovely clients!